Amazon announced on Thursday that they have canceled their big plans to build a second headquarters in New York. This sudden move took both Amazon’s allies and opponents by surprise. The decision comes as a blow to people expecting a sudden influx of tens of thousands of tech job openings in the city. Now the tech community of New York is left wondering what might have been.
In September 2017, Amazon first announced plans to build a second headquarters called HQ2. (Their original headquarters is in Seattle.) Amazon projected that their move would bring around 50,000 jobs to the city they chose. Naturally, the reaction they received was overwhelming. New Jersey offered $7 billion in credits to the company, while a mayor from Atlanta went as far as promising to make CEO and founder Jeff Bezos the lifelong mayor of a new city they would name “Amazon.”
Ultimately, Amazon decided to invest $2.5 billion in its second headquarters in Queens, New York. But that plan has now fallen apart. Amazon’s management says they made the final decision to pull out in the 48 hours before it was announced after deliberation between Bezos and his senior leadership team.
The announcement came as a surprise to just about everyone, regardless of how critical they had been of the plan. But a look at the bigger picture reveals how political events over the last few months likely influenced the decision.
The tech industry suffers
New York has faced several financial ups and downs since the upheaval of the 1980s. The city continued to suffer in the 90s and 2000s when companies congregated in Silicon Valley, developing their high-paying jobs on the West coast. While New York had its own “Silicon Alley,” it has never been able to achieve dominance, especially after the dot com bust of the early 2000s.
However, recent attention to startups and a boost to local initiatives have brought attention back to New York’s tech sector. Venture capital funding for startups has increased considerably. Both CB Insights and PricewaterhouseCoopers have noted that VC funding for startups in New York has increased threefold over the last six years, reaching $13 billion in 2018. Investments from companies like Google, Spotify, and Facebook have poured in as these companies have built offices in New York.
Amazon could have been the greatest achievement. Anthony Casalena, founder and CEO of Squarespace, which is one of the most successful tech companies in New York, told NBC last week:
“Squarespace has always been proud to call New York City home, and that history will forever be a part of our DNA. While our thriving technology community with diverse talent is only continuing to grow and will remain very strong, Amazon’s decision is a missed opportunity for our great city.”
Reasons behind the cancellation
Several politicians and activists, including Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez, have expressed trepidation over Amazon’s move to New York. Some concerns are related to Amazon’s alleged mistreatment of employees. Others have raised questions about the potential for the move to increase social inequality and lead to gentrification. Displacing New York’s low-income residents to build the headquarters could potentially lead to an increase in homelessness. Workers’ unions and grassroots political activists have also protested the company’s unwillingness to unionize workers.
Kshama Sawant is a councilmember from Seattle, home to Amazon headquarters. She applauded New York for dodging a bullet in a Tweet last week:
Of course, there were many who longed to see New York emerge as the winner of a big bet from a tech giant. The loss of Amazon HQ2 means that those high-paying jobs will go somewhere else.
New York’s tech industry will lose out on an opportunity to attract more big fish from the tech sector to the city. Fred Wilson, a partner at New York-based Union Square Ventures and one of NY’s biggest tech investors, told NBC:
“The cost of this rejection will be felt more in 10 years than tomorrow…and it is the next generations of New Yorkers who are the biggest losers today.”
Tech investors have noted that the city has missed out on a major economic opportunity, one that could result in fewer tech companies looking to New York in the future.
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